Trauma musculo-squelettique orienté vers le développement de stratégies diagnostiques et de traitement innovatrices

 

Paul Martineau

Institut de recherche du Centre universitaire de santé McGill (CUSM)

 

Domaine : Appareil locomoteur et arthrite

Programme chercheurs-boursiers cliniciens - Junior 2

Concours 2016-2017

My research program is focused on injuries to bones and joints. I am developping new medical imaging methods to help diagnose skeletal injuries. I am also improving the treatment of joint injuries by studying minimally invasive surgery, surgical implant design and other new treatment methods.

First, I am perfecting a new technique of imaging joints that relies on examining the injured joint while it is moving as opposed to imaging in a fixed position. The purpose of joints is to enable motion; therefore they should be imaged in this way as well. I am also working on methods to image joints in three dimensions. Improving the way in which we image joints, will improve our ability to diagnose problems and may change the way we eventually treat the injury.

Second, I have also invented a new surgical implant that allows two pieces of a broken bone to heal with more success. The implant serves to fix two fragments of a broken bone together. The most interesting aspect of this invention is that it is made of a completely porous metal. Since it is completely porous, the new bone that is formed can actually penetrate and incorporate the implant in the healing process. Therefore, the implant itself becomes part of the repair process and improves our ability to fix a broken bone successfully. Finally, I am developing a new method to promote healing of broken bones which relies on the use of special cells that occur naturally in our bodies instead of having to resort to the use of medications.