Santé des victimes de traumas interpersonnels : modèles conceptuels, facteurs systémiques et interventions

 

Natacha Godbout

Université du Québec à Montréal

 

Domaine : santé des populations

Programme chercheurs-boursiers - Junior 1

Concours 2014-2015

Despite almost five decades of clinical and community research on the effects of exposure to violence, prevalence rates remain high and the mechanisms which give rise to negative health outcomes in trauma survivors remain poorly understood. The proposed research program aims to elucidate the pathways by which survivors of interpersonal trauma (e.g., childhood maltreatment, sexual abuse, cumulative exposure to violence) experience robust long-lasting negative outcomes in diverse health domains (psychological, relational, sexual, physical), and to develop well-tailored empirically-based treatment programs for them. A multi-sample, multi-method and multi-informant approach will be applied to develop conceptual models of the mechanisms linking trauma to negative long-lasting outcomes, examine gender issues and mutual effects in couples where a partner is survivor of trauma, and study the impact of trauma on the efficiency of services provided to different populations.

Beyond contributing to empirical and theoretical refinements, information on the process interpersonal trauma impair the health of survivors is of central importance, as an improved understanding of the posttraumatic recovery process can assist health professionals in their efforts to promote positive recovery and contribute to the possibility of breaking the cycle of violence, promoting and enhancing the well-being of survivors of interpersonal violence, thus positively affecting the general population.