Régulation des émotions, expériences et transitions du parcours de vie, et la dépression

 

Erin Barker

Université Concordia

 

Domaine : santé de la mère, des enfants et des adolescents

Programme chercheurs-boursiers - Junior 1

Concours 2014-2015

Across the life course people are faced with challenges. People may experience depression if they cannot successfully regulate the emotions the have when faced with these challenges. The current program of research will improve understanding of how the regulation of emotions in the face of particular life course challenges contributes to depression.

1) The transition to adulthood and depression: With maturation, all individuals must navigate their way from more dependent childhood roles to independent adult roles. The transition to adulthood is this period of the life course within which there is the greatest risk for the onset of mental health problems, including depression. During the transition individuals experience a range of emotions and emotion regulation processes mature across this transition. Experiencing depression during this transition hinders the successful attainment of adult roles. Thus, it is important to understand the how emotions are engaged during this transition if we are to facilitate healthy transitions to adulthood.

2) Parenting and depression: The transition to parenting also confers risk for depression. The risk for depression is higher for parents of children with chronic medical conditions. Parents of children with chronic medical conditions face elevated and persistent caregiving demands compared with parents of typically developing children. These parents must navigate pediatric medical, social, and educational service systems and the need for extra services often results in economic strain for these families. These caregiving demands increase risk for depression. Depression can negatively impact one¿s ability to parent effectively, further burdening families. Thus, it is important to identify the emotion regulation processes that contribute to depression among this group of parents.

The ultimate goal of this program of research is to identify individuals who are at greatest risk for depression based on the emotion regulation processes they use when faced with particular life course challenges.