Maintien à domicile et démences : vers une utilisation d'approches technologiques innovantes

 

Nathalie Bier

Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal

 

Domaine : vieillissement

Programme chercheurs-boursiers Junior 1

Concours 2014-2015

By 2038, more than 1,125,200 Canadians will have Alzheimer's disease or a related dementia, and the demand for long-term care is expected to increase ten fold. It is therefore urgent to promote aging in place by developing innovative treatment approaches specific to the needs of this population.

Using new technologies, such as smart homes and tablets, our aims are to contribute to early detection of dementia and develop interventions to foster autonomy in everyday life.

The first research project we are conducting investigates whether the sensors used in smart homes, such as motion sensors or door opening sensors, can detect problems encountered in everyday life by people living at home but at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease.

A second project aims to investigate whether these detectors, combined with other technologies such as personal computers, can support independence in meal preparation in people with significant cognitive deficits.

The third project investigates whether independence in everyday life in people with dementia can be optimized through ecological task-specific training of daily activities. In this context, we explore how smartphones support everyday activities, such as communication with close relatives.

These three research projects will foster the development of new approaches that have the potential to improve clinical practice and support the health system.