Logement, itinérance et troubles mentaux: vers une perspective d'intégration dans la communauté

 

Laurence Roy

Institut universitaire en santé mentale Douglas

 

Domaine : Neurosciences, santé mentale et toxicomanies

Programme Chercheurs-boursiers - Junior 1

Concours 2016-2017

 

Current mental health policies promote the community integration of individuals living with mental illness. In Quebec and elsewhere in the world, the housing situation of this population, including homelessness and housing instability, challenges community integration perspectives. To this day, interventions have been characterized by their reactive rather than proactive nature, by a vision of problems from an individual rather than social perspective, as well as through fragmentation of services between the health, social, police and justice systems.

The objectives of the research program are: 1) to identify what influences community integration of individuals living with mental illness who experience homelessness; 2) to investigate risk of homelessness and housing situations following a first episode of mental illness ; 3) to examine what supports the implementation of best practices amongst service providers.

Four projects are proposed. The first aims to examine how the housing situations of persons living with mental illness evolves after provision of a supported housing intervention, and its influence on community integration outcomes. The second project aims to examine how justice involvement trajectories affect community integration outcomes among persons with mental illness who experience homelessness. The third research projects aims to understand the housing situation, as well as risk of homelessness and housing instability, of new mental health service users. Factors associated with risk of homelessness and housing instability will also be investigated. The fourth project consists of a knowledge exchange strategy that aims to reduce criminal justice involvement among persons living with mental illness who are homeless. It also aims to promote a dialogue with frontline service providers and police offers who interact with this population.