Incidence et identification des facteurs de risques associés à la douleur chronique suite à un traumatisme

 

Raoul Daoust

Centre de recherche de l'Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal

 

Domaine : Santé des populations 

Programme Consortium pour le développement de la recherche en traumatologie - Volet 1

Concours 2016-2017

Falls and road accidents are causes of physical injuries frequently encountered in emergency services in Quebec. These traumatized patients usually manifest pain with varying degrees of intensity and often the pain will persist for long period of time and eventually become chronic. Loss of quality of life, anxiety and depression are often associated with chronic pain. There are treatments plans that can be provided after the incident to prevent this. However, not every trauma patients will experience chronic pain, so identifying patients whom should benefit from these approaches is difficult.

The purpose of this research is to ascertain the characteristics of patients who will develop chronic pain and better target the at-risk population that could potentially benefit from preventive therapy.

To do this, we will match the RAMQ and MED-ÉCHO database (evaluated in specialized pain clinic and chronic pain diagnosis) with the Quebec traumatized register database. The group of trauma patients that has a pain clinic consultation or a diagnosis of chronic pain will be compared to those who did not.

Following this project, we hope to better define the characteristics of trauma patients who will develop chronic pain. Therefore, we should be able to better target the population at risk from an emergency admission after a trauma and lead to the development of therapeutic interventions aimed at preventing chronic pain.