Évaluation et traitement des comportements problématiques chez les enfants ayant un trouble du spectre de l'autisme

 

Marc Lanovaz

Université de Montréal

 

Domaine : neurosciences, santé mentale et toxicomanies

Programme chercheurs-boursiers - Junior 1

Concours 2015-2016

In Québec, approximately 1% of school-aged children have an autism spectrum disorder. One of the challenges associated with the treatment of this disorder is the significant prevalence of problem behaviours. It is important to reduce these behaviours because they may interfere with functioning, learning and social participation in children with an autism spectrum disorder. The purpose of the research program is to improve the assessment and treatment of problem behaviours in children with an autism spectrum disorder by developing and assessing novel home-based service delivery models. More specifically, the objectives of the research program are to assess the effects of mobile applications and of a standardised treatment program on the behaviours of children with an autism spectrum disorder, and to examine the impact of reducing problem behaviours on the quality of life and mental health of parents.

The research program also aims to assess the social and clinical impact of implementing these treatments in home settings. To meet these objectives, the research program is divided into two components. The first component aims to develop and assess mobile applications designed to support parents in the reduction of problem behaviours. The objective of the second component is to assess the effects of a standardised treatment program, the Prevent-Teach-Reinforce, that the parents implement under the supervision of a professional. The results have the potential of considerably reducing the costs and wait times to receive specialised services. Furthermore, the standardisation of the treatment approach could improve and systematise the quality of services offered by the different agencies involved with this population.