Étude de différentes stratégies de promotion de la vaccination afin d'améliorer les couvertures vaccinales au Québec

 

Arnaud Gagneur

Centre de recherche clinique Étienne-Le Bel du CHUS

 

Domaine : santé des populations

Programme chercheurs-boursiers cliniciens - Junior 2

Concours 2014-2015

Vaccination greatly reduced mortality and morbidity from many preventable diseases. However, to avoid the resurgence of these diseases and the human drama associated, high vaccine coverage should be maintained in the population. Yet in Quebec, vaccine coverage in young children remains suboptimal, especially caused by a proportion of parents who are ambivalent about the safety and effectiveness of vaccines. The phenomenon of hesitation towards vaccination has now become a global phenomenon. Many controversies circulating about immunization, responsible for the loss of public confidence undeniably leading to reduced vaccine coverage causing the return of epidemics  In this context, the Provincial Immunization Committee developed in 2010 a Quebec¿s immunization promotion plan. Therefore, I tested and validated across the Eastern Townships, a concept of vaccination promotion by means of an educational intervention within maternities, based on motivational interviewing techniques.  This intervention has not only significantly increased the intention of vaccination within parents who had received the intervention but also increased their child vaccination coverage.

My research program aims to implement various vaccination promotion strategies adapted to the population in order to improve the vaccine coverage in Quebec. The first phase of my program will be to validate the impact of this educational strategy for the promotion of immunization within maternity ward through a provincial study. It will offer also training to nurses performing vaccination in these techniques
At term, this research program will offer the Quebec¿s Health Ministry various optimal strategies for immunization awareness so that Quebec¿s children may grow healthy and thrive.