Améliorer les stratégies de prévention par une meilleure utilisation des données : l'intégration des banques de données existantes pour mieux comprendre les blessures et les facteurs de risque en cause
Injury is a leading cause of death and hospitalisation in Canada. It is therefore not surprising that the need for effective injury prevention strategies is a priority in the 2003-2012 Québec public health program. To develop well-designed injury prevention strategies, we need to have a clear idea of who is injured and when, where and how. We also need to examine factors that increase or decrease the likelihood of injury (risk and protective factors) and could be modified through interventions. This research addresses these needs by merging existing health and statistical databases, which significantly enhances not only our understanding of the extent and nature of injuries, but also the range of data available on risk factors. The research will focus on two areas of major public health concern. First, injuries resulting from motor vehicle collisions will be studied in Montréal in relation to socioeconomic characteristics (eg, income levels) and built environment features (eg, road design) of residential neighbourhoods and crash sites. Second, childhood and youth injuries will be tracked for a 20 year period in the province of Québec. The influence of various familial characteristics, perinatal and neighbourhood factors on different types of injury through childhood, adolescence and into early adulthood will be explored. This research will significantly advance our knowledge of injury patterns and their risk factors to provide important evidence upon which injury prevention policies can be based.