Un programme de recherche sur la prévention du diabète et des maladies vasculaires

 

Kaberi Dasgupta

Institut de recherche du Centre universitaire de santé McGill

 

Domaine : santé circulatoire et respiratoire

Programme chercheurs-boursiers cliniciens - Senior

Concours 2014-2015

I am studying physical activity and eating habits in people who have or could develop type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure.

1. I am seeing what happens when people with these conditions track their walking with simple ""step counters"" and receive prescriptions from their doctors to increase their step counts. I am looking at changes in the stiffness of their arteries over 1 year, compared to people who do not get this special strategy. Stiffness is measured on the skin with a little machine. Being part of the strategy is decided by chance, like the flip of a coin. This will help us figure out if the strategy works.

2. For 1 week I add a more complicated step counter with a GPS that will let me know when they are in their neighhourhood. My team and I then use computer maps to figure out how walkable their neighbourhoods are (sidewalks, stores, services, parks). I will see if those in more walkable neighbourhoods really walk more when they are in the neighbourhood.

3. Diabetes in pregnancy is a condition that usually gets better after delivery, but women who have this are much more likely to develop type 2 diabetes in the future. I am trying to figure out if diabetes in pregnancy in mothers is a signal that their partners have a higher chance of developing type 2 diabetes. I am using information from three large data sets and mathematical equations to figure this out. My results may prove that diabetes in pregnancy is a sign that both partners have to make changes.