Répondre à l'hésitation à la vaccination au Canada

 

Ève Dubé

Institut national de santé publique du Québec [INSPQ]

 

Domaine : santé des populations

Programme Chercheurs-boursiers - Junior 2

Concours 2019-2020

Immunization is a very important public health measure. However, an increasing number of people have fears and doubts about vaccines. For example, we estimate that one out of three parents hesitate to have their children vaccinated. This phenomenon is called "vaccine hesitancy". The vaccine-hesitant parents can refuse some vaccines or delay vaccination and these behaviors have been associated with outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases such as measles.

The objectives of this research program are to: 1) adapt information tools to help parents make informed decision about vaccination; 2) identify effective interventions to support health professionals in their counselling with vaccine-hesitant parents; 3) develop and evaluate interventions to decrease vaccine hesitancy around the human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV), and 4) explore the role and the influence of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners on vaccine hesitancy. To achieve these objectives, we will conduct four research projects. We will interview parents to better understand their needs regarding information tools on vaccination. We will conduct a pilot project in Quebec schools to develop and test interventions to enhance the acceptability of the HPV vaccine in the school-based program.

We will interview vaccine providers (physicians and nurses) and visit their clinics to observe vaccination consultations in order to better understand the issues that they are facing and to propose interventions to address them. Finally, we will conduct an ethnographic study with chiropractors and naturopaths in Canada to explore their knowledge, beliefs, perceptions and practices around vaccination.