Quantification de l'impact d'interventions musicales sur le développement cognitif, social et du cerveau d'enfants et d'adolescents avec un trouble du spectre de l'autisme (TSA)

 

Eve-Marie Quintin

Université Laval

 

Domaine : neurosciences, santé mentale et toxicomanies

Programme Chercheurs-boursiers - Junior 1

Concours 2018-2019

There is growing evidence that children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show interest and ability for music, indicating that musical training should be encouraged with this population. Music education and training in the general population enhance cognitive, social, and neural (brain) functioning. My research program thus aims to assess whether school (group) based and computer (individual) based musical interventions will lead to enhancements in cognitive, social, and neural functioning for children and adolescent with ASD. Participants with ASD completing experimental studies will receive regular treatment and interventions; in addition, half will participate in musical training interventions (experimental groups) and half will be part of active-waitlist comparison groups. We will compare data between groups before and after music interventions and predict improvements on outcome measures associated with intervention.

We use validated musical experimental tasks to test skill acquisition; and video analysis, standardized psychological assessments with participants, and standardized parent and teacher questionnaires to test skill transfer from music to cognitive and social domains. We also seek to measure biomarkers of potential change following music interventions including neural response to speech and music with EEG/ERP recordings and fMRI. Findings may show that music interventions can potentially alter atypical cognitive, social, and brain developmental trajectories associated with ASD to foster long-term positive outcomes.