Optimisation des interventions en activité physique auprès d'adultes avec une obésité sévère pris en charge ou non au niveau chirurgical

 

Aurélie Baillot

Université du Québec en Outaouais [UQO]

 

Domaine : nutrition et métabolisme

Programme Chercheurs-boursiers - Junior 1

Concours 2019-2020

Physical activity is a cornerstone in the treatment of obesity and its comorbidities. This research program aims to collaboratively (with patients, health professionals, researchers, students, etc.) develop effective physical activity interventions over the long term to improve and maintain the health of people with severe obesity who are or not surgically supported. To this end, the various research projects involving this population composing my research program for the next 4 years are based on 3 research axes aimed at: (i) identifying the biopsychosocial factors associated with physical activity and its barriers (ii) developing and validating a toolbox, containing assessment and decision support tools to help health professionals optimize their physical activity intervention, and (iii) evaluating short and long-term biopsychosocial effects of regular physical activity (e.g. weight loss, quality of life, body image).

At the scientific level, this program will generate new knowledge, which will be useful for the development of physical activity interventions for people with severe obesity. This result seems particularly important in view of the paucity of current knowledge and the exponential increase of people with severe obesity, as well as the number of bariatric surgeries. To conclude, this research program, established on a continuum of knowledge development will improve professional practice and thus benefit people with severe obesity. It will be an opportunity to reinforce the arguments supporting the importance of integrating physical activity support for this population to improve and maintain their physical and mental health.