L'élaboration, l'implantation et l'évaluation des technologies novatrices pour améliorer l'accès et la qualité des services en santé mentale pour les jeunes diagnostiqués avec un premier épisode psychotique

 

Shalini Lal

Centre de recherche du CHUM

 

Domaine : neurosciences, santé mentale et toxicomanies

Programme chercheurs-boursiers - Junior 1

Concours 2015-2016

Psychotic disorders, associated with illnesses such as schizophrenia, are among the most disabling mental disorders affecting young people today. Studies show that 82% of young people affected by a first episode psychosis will experience a relapse within the first 5 years of illness. According to the World Health Organization, psychotic disorders are associated with three of the five leading causes of disability in adolescents and young adults.

In Canada, schizophrenia alone accounts for more than 2 billion dollars per year of health care expenditures. Recent studies indicate that the therapeutic benefits of specialized early intervention services for psychotic disorders are not sustainable in the long-term, especially when patients are transferred back to routine care. Concurrently, it is not feasible to extend the delivery of specialized services using traditional approaches of in-person, expert-driven care. We will develop and investigate new models of service delivery, which leverage Internet and mobile technologies, to optimize the sustainability of early intervention for psychosis. These research activities will be implemented in a pioneering state-of-the-art Youth Mental Health Research and Innovation Hub at the University of Montreal's new Hospital and Research Centre (CRCHUM) in the ‘Quartier Santé.' We will examine the perspectives of youth and their families on using the Internet and mobile technologies for receiving mental health services and determine their needs in preventing relapse. We will collaborate internationally to adapt and test a world-first on-line intervention system (HORYZONS) designed to sustain the therapeutic benefits of early intervention.

This program will pioneer the development and evaluation of novel technologies to improve long-term recovery in young people affected by psychosis, ultimately reducing the social and economic consequences associated with these mental disorders.