L'acquisition et l'analyse des signaux biologiques chez les nouveau-nés: l'USIN du futur?

 

Samantha Latremouille

Centre universitaire de santé McGill [CUSM]

 

Domaine : santé de la mère, des enfants et des adolescents

Programme Formation de doctorat

Concours 2019-2020

Partenaire:

Fondation des Étoiles

There are a variety of reasons why newborn babies need intensive care. The main reason is due to prematurity which has been rising over the last 25 years, to such an extent that actually one in every ten births is premature. Monitoring of biological signals of these babies such as heart rate, temperature, and respiration is standard of care. However, only averages or trends of these averages over time are used by the medical team during clinical management. Unfortunately, substantial amounts of information that can be obtained from the monitoring of these signals are not yet used to its full potential.

Our research aims to analyze these signals by using advanced methods, which has been shown to help medical care. We will study preterm and term infants in a variety of clinical situations. Ultimately, we will be working towards an automated and real-time analysis of those signals able to detect changes at the bedside; a tool that will be readily available to nurses and doctors. This tool may help determine responses to different types of treatment and predict important outcomes. Such individualized approach may improve outcomes and at the same time reduce length of hospitalization and health related costs.