Impacts nationaux et globaux sur la morbidité et la mortalité de la législation sur les systèmes de retenue pour enfants passagers de véhicules moteurs

 

Jose Ignacio Nazif-Munoz

Université de Sherbrooke

 

Domaine : santé des populations

Programme Formation postdoctorale (CITOYENS CANADIENS ET RÉSIDENTS PERMANENTS)

Concours 2018-2019

Partenaire :

Fondation des Étoiles

Road traffic crashes are an important cause of deaths for children in the world, especially in low-income and middle-income countries, which accounts for more than 90% of road traffic fatalities. This situation triggered a strong global response led by international organizations, such as the World Health Organization, providing aid and guidance to developing countries to implement more traffic safety measures, such as child restraint legislation to target the burden of child fatality and injury rates. The main objective of the proposed research project is to provide insights into differences in child traffic fatality rates between low-, middle- and high-income countries, by considering the impact of child restraint legislation in 182 countries for the period 1990-2013.

This research will inform international organizations, such as the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the World Bank, which specific children's age, weight and height characteristics are the most appropriate ones when promoting this policy. This is particularly relevant to Canada, since age, weight and height requirements of child restraint legislation are not uniformed across its provinces and territories.