Compréhension et prise en charge biopsychosociale des individus souffrant de douleurs thoraciques inexpliquées

 

Guillaume Foldes-Busque

Université Laval

 

Domaine : neurosciences, santé mentale et toxicomanies

Programme Chercheurs-boursiers - Junior 2

Concours 2019-2020

Every year, approximately 400,000 Canadians consult in an emergency department because of chest pain that remains unexplained at the time of discharge. Despite the benign medical origins of this condition, close to 80% of the cases of unexplained chest pain chronically reoccur. This condition significantly impairs the patients' daily activities and causes high levels of psychological distress. To this day, our knowledge of the course of chronicization and its associated factors, as well as the most effective management interventions for unexplained chest pain remains limited.

The goal of this research program is to develop a better understanding of unexplained chest pain and to significantly improve patient care. To that end, three research projects have been planned. The implementation of these projects will help to: 1) better understand the factors that cause unexplained chest pain and how this condition becomes chronic, 2) develop tools for early identification of patients for whom intervention is necessary and 3) improve the efficacy of the treatments for chronic unexplained chest pain.

The spin-off effects of these studies can be maximized through large-scale dissemination of findings, in particular within training programs offered to health care professionals in the context of their clinical practice settings.