Autonomie et sécurité alimentaire de personnes en situation de handicap intellectuel et résidant de manière autonome dans la communauté


Maxime Banville

CIUSSS du Centre-Sud-de-l'Île-de-Montréal


Domaine : nutrition et métabolisme

Programme : Formation de doctorat

Concours 2017-2018


Unité SOUTIEN du Québec (Stratégie de recherche axée

RESEARCH CONTEXT. Findings from the scientific literature and clinical practice reflect important needs in the food and nutrition dimensions for people living with intellectual disabilities. Major health problems such as malnutrition and obesity are more associated with intellectual disability. However, very few interventions have been validated and deployed to address these issues from a social perspective. Indeed, food security and autonomy are often deficient factors in this population.

RESEARCH QUESTION. This research project aims to answer the following question: What are the bio-psycho-social factors contributing to or impeding food security and autonomy of people labelled with intellectual disabilities?

METHOD. The study of food security and autonomy will be achieved by interviews and also the collection of the dietary history of participants who are characterized as adult users of a specialized rehabilitation service in intellectual disability. To be considered as participants, they must also carry out autonomously their food supply and cooking.

EXPECTED BENEFITS. The identification of the needs of this population in terms of food safety and autonomy may enable the development of rehabilitation and educational programs through the acquisition of knowledge and skills essential to food and nutrition. Also, public or private partnerships could be initiated in order to adapt the most difficult aspects of food or nutrition for this population.