Analyse des facteurs relationnels, affectifs et motivationnels qui interviennent dans la régulation du comportement alimentaire

 

Noémie Carbonneau

Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières [UQTR]

 

Domaine : développement et fonctionnement des personnes et des communautés, et vie sociale

Programme Chercheurs-boursiers - Junior 1

Concours 2018-2019

The main purpose of this research program is to examine how psychosocial factors affect the regulation of eating behaviour. The regulation of eating behaviour is defined as individuals' attempt to control the quality and quantity of what they eat in order to manage their health and/or weight. Eating regulation difficulties are widespread in North America, as evidenced by the high prevalence of overweight and obesity.

This research program comprises four studies grouped into three research axes. The first axis aims to examine how individuals' eating goals are related to their own eating behaviours, but also to their romantic partner's behaviors. The second axis aims to examine the association between negative emotions and food intake in a sample of women. More specifically, we examine whether women who receive social support from their partner and those who are intuitive eaters (i.e., who respect their hunger and satiety cues) are less likely to "eat their emotions." The purpose of the third axis is to examine the relationship between work-personal life conflict, eating behaviour and healthy eating.

The studies comprised in this research program will allow: (1) to identify psychosocial characteristics (e.g., goals, emotions, social support) that affect the regulation of eating behaviour; (2) to better understand individual differences in the difficulties regarding the regulation of eating behaviour; (3) to identify targets for intervention (e.g., emotion management, support of loved ones) in order to help individuals who struggle to regulate their eating behaviour.