Améliorer l'accessibilité, l'efficacité et le suivi des pratiques cliniques en autisme

 

Marc Lanovaz

Université de Montréal

 

Domaine : neurosciences, santé mentale et toxicomanies

Programme Chercheurs-boursiers - Junior 2

Concours 2019-2020

In Québec, more than 1% of school-aged children have an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This disorder is characterized by impairments in social communication as well as by the presence of repetitive, atypical, or unusual behaviors. To promote the development and social participation of these children, parents, educators, and professionals must teach them behaviors adapted to their environment (e.g., communication, self-help skills, social skills) and reduce challenging behaviors that hinder their integration. Although several non-pharmacological interventions have been validated for these purposes, accessibility, effectiveness, and monitoring of these interventions remain issues that must be further addressed by research.

My research program aims to address these limitations by evaluating solutions divided into three axes. The first axis, preventing and reducing challenging behaviors, assesses technological supports to improve the accessibility of services designed to treat these behaviors in natural settings. The second axis, learning, explores how different teaching strategies and personal characteristics may influence learning in children with ASD. These projects may optimize the effectiveness of teaching strategies for these children while improving accessibility to early intervention services. The third axis, supporting clinical decision-making, involves the validation of intervention monitoring systems. This validation may provide a simpler monitoring approach to educators and professionals, which would increase the rigor and objectivity of their clinical decisions. Altogether, these research axes should improve the accessibility, effectiveness and monitoring of interventions used with children with ASD.