Postdoctoral Training (Canadian citizens and permanent residents)


Competition year :



Deadline (application) :

October 15th, 2018, 4:30 PM


Amount :

$45,000 per year


Duration :

2 years


Announcement of results :

April 2019


In addition to these program rules, it is the responsibility of the applicant to financial support to consult the Common General Rules (CGR) of the Fonds de recherche du Québec, which apply to all FRQS programs. If special conditions apply to this program, they are described below and take precedence over the CGR.



This postdoctoral training program is aimed at Canadian citizens and permanent residents domiciled in Québec or in another Canadian province. Citizens of other countries must select the postdoctoral training program for citizens of other countries.

The purpose of this program is to help doctorate (Ph.D.) holders to enhance their training and broaden their fields of interest. It is also aimed at encouraging these researchers to experience new scientific environments, to acquire new research methodologies and management and communication skills, and to supervise students. The FRQS assumes that the postdoctoral supervisor will mentor applicants in developing their university career.

Important note: It is the responsibility of the applicant to choose the right program and the right form for the award application. No program transfer will be made following the file eligibility review.




Eligible applicants

  • Applicants with a doctoral degree (Ph.D.). Applicants must have obtained their doctorate no more than two years before October 15, 2018 (except for renewal applications).

This period could be extended by a maximum of one year if the candidate has been on a parental leave after the doctorate.

  • Canadian citizens or permanent residents domiciled in Québec, within the meaning of the Quebec Health Insurance Act (RLRQ, c.A-29)

  • Canadian citizen from a province other than Québec

This status must remain in effect for the duration of the award.

Terms and conditions
  • Must pursue full-time postdoctoral training in human health sciences research

  • Must be supervised by a university researcher or clinical university researcher(as defined in the Definitions section of the Common General Rules)

If the candidate's supervisor is located outside of Québec, that person should still meet the criteria of university researcher or clinical university researcher in terms of university affiliation and autonomy (see the definition section of the Common General Rules).

  • Applicants must choose a host university other than the one at which they earned their Ph.D. (preferably outside Québec)

  • Canadian citizens from outside Québec must choose a research establishment in Québec

  • The supervisors and co-supervisors must be different than those who supervised the applicants during their PhD studies and should not be affiliated to the university at which the applicants earned their Ph.D.

  • Applicants that did not submit their doctoral thesis at the time of applying must provide, no later than September 30, 2019, an attestation that the thesis has been submitted.


Not eligible :

  • Those who hold an academic position, unless they take unpaid leave for the duration of the training award. An official letter confirming their employment status for the period and stating that they will resume their position once the training is completed should be provided by the employer

  • Individuals who have received or are currently receiving a postdoctoral training award from a Québec granting agency (e.g. FRQNT, FRQS, FRQSC) are not eligible for this competition (except renewal application)

  • Applicants are not eligible for a renewal if they have already received 3 or more years of postdoctoral fellowships since the initial offer of the FRQS postdoctoral fellowship, regardless of the granting agency

Basic research ethics training

Basic research ethics training is mandatory for all FRQS awardees conducting research projects that involve human beings.

Research on human beings involves:

  • Participation of human beings

  • Use of human biological materials (parts, products, tissue, cells, genetic materials, derived from a living or dead individual)

  • Assisted procreation activities or the use of human embryos derived therefrom, within the meaning of the Act respecting clinical and research activities relating to assisted procreation (CQLR c. A-5.01)

  • The use of administrative, scientific or descriptive data from human participants

Awardees must therefore successfully complete levels 1 and 3 of the Online Tutorial in Research Ethics developed by the Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux.

This training must be completed within one year of the date of confirmation by the FRQS that the award was granted.

The FRQS encourages awardees to follow a one-credit research ethics training course in addition to the mandatory basic research ethics training, whenever possible.




Before October 15, 2018, 4:30 pm (EDT)

Documents sent via mail or e-mail will not be accepted. Letters of recommendation will not be accepted.

Transmission via the FRQS electronic Portfolio only

Any missing document or document that is not in conformity with the program rules and forms may result in the ineligibility of the funding application.

No extension will be permitted. After the application deadline, forms that are not already submitted will be automatically rejected.

IMPORTANT : Once the application is submitted, it will no longer be possible to modify it.


  • A copy of doctoral degree. If not available, a copy of official doctoral transcripts (except for renewal applications)

  • Copies of all award, honours and distinction notices, including FRQS awards

  • Acknowledgements from publishers for articles that are submitted or accepted for publication

  • Copy of a valid Quebec health insurance card OR evidence of eligibility to the RAMQ (official RAMQ document before the issuance of the card) OR evidence of eligibility to the health care plan of another Canadian province (except for renewal applications)

Candidates will be notified of the reception of their application and of their eligibility via email by the month of November at the latest.

Research supervisor (and co-supervisor, if applicable)

At the start date of the award

At the start date of the award
and annually thereafter

The awardee must submit (by email, PDF file):

  • a written confirmation of the beginning or the continuation of the project from the research supervisor

Before the start of the second
year of the award

To start the second year of the award, the awardee will have to provide (by email in a single PDF document):

  • ethics training certificates (levels 1 and 3), if applicable




Choice of training location

Must be an internationally-recognized research environment exclusively for Canadian citizens or permanent residents who hold a valid Québec health care card or proof of eligibility for the RAMQ.

Canadian citizens from other provinces must choose a research institution in Québec.

Awardees must complete their research training in the physical location of the host institution. Distance learning is not allowed.

Change of training location, research project or supervisor

Awardees who wish to change their research project, supervisor, program or training institution must submit the FRQS request form Change of research project, supervisor or training location (see Toolbox) and the required documents in a single PDF file.




Effective date 

Between May 2019 and January 2020, ont the first day of the month.


2 years and possibly 3 years, conditional upon the evaluation of a renewal application. Renewal may be requested only once.

Applicants are not eligible for a renewal if they have already received 3 or more years of postdoctoral fellowships since the initial offer of the FRQS postdoctoral fellowship, regardless of the granting agency.

Awardees who obtain a regular faculty appointment at the professor level in a university located in Quebec, may after at least one full year of postdoctoral funding, use a portion of their award as a start-up grant. A maximum amount of $15,000 may be converted into a grant. To benefit from this measure, awardees must contact directly the person responsible for the program at the FRQS.

Parental leave

The awardee may benefit from an award payment deferral during parental leave (maternity, paternity or adoption) for a maximum period of 12 months as described in Section 6.13 of the Common General Rules.

Awardees must fill out the Award payment deferral form (Report de versement de bourse), accompagnied by the documents supporting the leave, to inform the FRQS of their intention to receive a supplement to their award for a parental leave.

The FRQS reserves the right to reject any request that is not properly justified.

Sick leave or other reasons

Awardees may defer their award due to illness or other reasons provided by the Loi sur les normes du travail as described in section 6.14 of the Common General Rules. Awardees must fill out the Award payment deferral form (Report de versement de bourse) to indicate the length of time and reason for the deferral request and include a medical certificate when applicable. Payments will be suspended during this period and will be rescheduled at the end of the award.

The FRQS reserves the right to reject any request that is not properly justified.

Acquiring relevant experience

It is possible, for each full year of funding provided by the FRQS, to suspend and postpone the award installments for a maximum of 4 months in order to acquire relevant experience (working with a research team, acquiring teaching experience in the awardee's field of study or research, language development trip, etc.). These installments are then rescheduled at the end of the funding period.

Deferrals with the goal of acquiring relevant experience can be consecutive if they are approved by the research supervisor.

To benefit from this measure, the award holder must submit a request to the FRQS by filling out the Award payment deferral form (Report de versement de bourse). Furthermore, the research supervisor should provide a letter confirming his or her agreement and the relevance of the paid activities that are involved.

The FRQS reserves the right to reject any request that is not properly justified or relevant.






 *except in some cases (see section on Awards in partnership)

A $10,000 supplement is added for postdoctoral training outside of Québec.


The award will be paid to the awardee by installments.

Income Tax

The awardee is responsible for paying the income tax due on amounts received from the FRQS. No taxes are withheld at source by the FRQS on amounts disbursed during the taxation year in question.

The date the amount is granted determines the year in which the awardee must declare the amounts received as income for personal tax calculations.

Revenu Canada's T4A form and Revenu Québec's form 1 are sent to the awardee's mailing address (the one shown in the Module My funding (Gérer mon financement) in the FRQS Electronic Portfolio) in February of the following year of taxation.

The details provided in this form are for information purposes only. The FRQS is not responsible for the validity of the information given about income tax.

Indirect Costs of Research

This program does not benefit from the amount paid out by FRQS to cover indirect costs of research of the institutions.




Authorized paid work

Maximum of 250 hours per 6-month period

Requires the research supervisor's permission and the work must not interfere with the awardee's research activities.

Additional funding

Awardees may accept additional funding from the institution or their research supervisor.

Concurrent funding

Holding several scholarships is not allowed. Applicants who obtained an award from another public agency or a foundation recognized by the FRQS must notify the FRQS and decline the FRQS funding as soon as the award is offered.

However, if the amount of the other award is lower than the one given by the FRQS, the awardee is eligible to receive the difference.

Research internship

Holding an FRQS training award concurrently with a research internship from another organization and that is not part of the training program of the awardee, is allowed under certain conditions.

For internships of $ 5,000 or less, awardees must notify the FRQS by email before the beginning of the internship.

For internships of $ 5,000 and more, awardees must ask the FRQS for authorization by completing the Internship authorization form (see Toolbox) before the internship begins. If the internship is approved, it will be allowed either to 1) combine the training award and internships amounts or 2) defer the amount of the FRQS award for a period equal to the duration of the internship or a maximum of 6 months.

Travel expenses

The travel expenses (one return economy airline ticket) of awardees and their close family (spouse and children) carrying out their projects in institutions located outside Québec may be reimbursed upon the presentation of supporting documents, as long as these expenses are not reimbursed by another organization.





All applications are reviewed by committees of experts representing various health research disciplines and methodologies.

Criteria and weighting
First application


Quality and scientific value of the research project
- Clarity and conciseness of the research topic
- Clarity and consistency between the hypotheses and objectives
- Relevance of the methods and analyses
- Feasibility
- Originality of the project and contribution to the advancement of knowledge


Quality of the training environment
- Justification of the candidate's choice
- Quality of supervisor's publication record related to student training record


Excellence of academic record
- Awards, honours, and distinctions


Skills and experiences
- Publications
- Lectures, presentations and internships


Criteria and weighting
Renewal application

Research project's state of advancement since the start of
postdoctoral training

- Level of completion of the project in view of the methodology and the
  research area
- Justification for renewal and potential for successful outcome
- Research supervisor's evaluation




Achievements since the start of postdoctoral training
- Lectures and presentations
- Publications





Final Report

A final report is required at the end of the payment of the award, approximately one month following the last funded term. Award holders are notified by email of the availability of the form to be completed in their FRQS electronic portfolio. It is required to fill out and submit this form with respect to the mentioned deadline. Further funding in other FRQS programs is conditional to the reception of the duly completed report.




By submitting an application, the applicant must :




The supervisor and co-supervisor must :




The FRQS encourages awardees to conduct and participate in knowledge mobilization activities (transfer, sharing, development, enhancement and dissemination) with practice settings and the general public, where such activities are relevant. Please read the document Knowledge Mobilization in the toolbox.




The FRQS offers a number of awards in collaboration with partners. The financial contribution of FRQS and the partner as well as other funding conditions (i.e. funding period and renewal option) may vary according to the agreements in effect.

Eligible applicants are selected through a three-step process:

  • Applicants must select by priority order, one or more partners whose research areas are in line with the themes of their application in order of preference (see section Partenariats [partnerships] on the form).

  • The FRQS sends the partners a list of applications for relevancy review based on their interests and research priorities.

  • Applications are then reviewed by the regular FRQS committees of experts or peers. Applications with a scientific excellence score of at least 70% and also relevant to one or more partners may be considered for funding in partnership.

Like all other FRQS awards, the awards in partnership are granted based on merit following a scientific evaluation by a committee of experts or peers.

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer Society of Canada
Candidates must also submit an application to the Alzheimer Society of Canada.

Child Health

Canadian Child Health Clinician Scientist Program (CCHCSP)

Candidates must also submit an application to the CCHCSP.

Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis

Crohn's and Colitis Canada (CCC)
Training Awards in the Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis research fields.

Early childhood diseases (diagnosis)

Foundation of Stars
Training awards in the Pediatric research field, primarily in the area of early childhood diseases diagnosis.


Société québécoise d'hypertension artérielle (SQHA) - Jacques de Champlain Award
The Jacques de Champlain Award in Cardiovascular Health and Hypertension fields includes a research support supplement (maximum of $10,000 per year).

Kidney Health

The Kidney Foundation of Canada

All candidates must also submit an application to the KRESCENT Program (Kidney Research Scientist Core Education and National Training).  Amount of the award: $55,000 per year.

Macular Degeneration

Fondation Antoine-Turmel
Training Awards in the Macular Degeneration research field.  Priority will be given to doctoral and postdoctoral training.

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada
Training Awards in the Multiple Sclerosis research field. Candidates must also submit an application to the Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada.


Fondation Antoine-Turmel
Training Awards in the Osteoporosis research field.  Priority will be given to doctoral and posdoctoral training awards.

Parkinson's disease

Parkinson Canada
Training Awards in the Parkinson's Disease research field. Candidates must also submit an application to Parkinson Canada.

Parkinson's disease

Parkinson Québec
Training Awards in the Parkinson's Disease research field.


Traumatology Research Consortium
Training Awards in the Traumatology research field.

Consortium partners:

  • Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux (MSSS)

  • Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec (SAAQ)

  • FRQS Provincial Rehabilitation Research Network (REPAR)

  • Comité directeur pour la recherche en traumatologie (formerly AERDPQ – AQESSS)